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Asiana Vacations bring to your grasp a memorable holiday in your life………
Asiana Vacations bring to your grasp a memorable holiday in your life………
Asiana Vacations bring to your grasp a memorable holiday in your life………
Asiana Vacations bring to your grasp a memorable holiday in your life………
Asiana Vacations bring to your grasp a memorable holiday in your life………
Asiana Vacations bring to your grasp a memorable holiday in your life………
Asiana Vacations bring to your grasp a memorable holiday in your life………
Asiana Vacations bring to your grasp a memorable holiday in your life………
Asiana Vacations bring to your grasp a memorable holiday in your life………
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Asiana Vacations
76/12-Ekiriyagala Road
Pitihuma, Kegalla
Sri Lanka

Tel : 009435 222 1501
Mob : 0094 72 520 4700
Fax : 009435 222 1501
E mail : [email protected]

 
   Cultural Tours Sri Lanka

Sri Lanka has written and documented history dates back to 3rd century BC when the island was among the most advanced and developed nations of the pre-modern world and the focal point of a significant historical civilization in Asia. Sri Lanka was then divided into three province named Ruhunu, Maya and Pihiti.

The ruined citis of Anuradhapura, Polonnnaruwa and Sigiriya (8th wonder of the world) extending from 3rd to 12th Centuary BC.The most anciant of the inhabitants were ancestors of the Veddas, an aboriginal people (numbering about 3000 people) now living in the mountain areas specially in Mahiyangana.The Sri Lanka chronicle Mahavamsa relates the arrival of King Vijaya, the first Sinhalese king in 483 B.C. The sinhalese settled in the north and developed an elaborate irrigation system. They founded their capitol at Anuradhapura, which after the introduction of Buddhism from India in the 3rd century B.C. became one of the chief world centers of that religion.

Buddhism stimulated the fine arts in Sri Lanka, its classical period being from the 4th to the 6th Century. The proximity of Sri Lanka to South India resulted in many Tamil invasions. The Chola of south India conquered Anuradhapura in the early 11th century and made Polonnaruwa their capitol. The sinhalese soon regained power.


Anuradhapura Sacred City
Sri Lanka’s first capitol of the Sihalese kingdom and the Buddhist center founded in 4th century B.C. according to the ancient Sinhala Cronical Mahavamsa.The sacred city of Anuradhapura is a magical place featuring some of the most ancient archaeological treasures in Sri Lanka. This magnificent heritage site is an impressive reminder of an ancient civilization.

Once, one of the grandest monastic cities the world has ever seen, rising to the prominence with the arrival of Buddhism in the 3rd century B.C. a pivotal event that saw the city transformed into a major centre of Buddhist pilgrimage and learning. The great kings of Anuradhapura oversaw a golden age in the island’s history, building colossal stupas that rivaled the pyramids of Alexandria in scale.


Polonnaruwa Medieval Capitol
In the 11th to 12th centaury AD, the medieval capitol of Polonnaruwa was one of the most splendid cities of Sri Lanka and great urban centers in South Asia. It became a royal residence and the second capitol of Sri Lanka after the fall of Anuradhapura. Today, well preserved ruins give you the chance to experience the grandeur of this period and the marvel at the artistry of the island early craftsmen. Polonnaruwa portrays an amazing blend of the influence of the south Indian Hindu culture on the Sinhalese Buddhist art and the architecture.

Many of the existing ruins owe their construction to Parakrama Bahu the great, the last in sequence of warrior-kings, who developed the city on a lavish scale. He also credited with the massive lake that lies to the west of the City Parakrama Samudra (Sea of Parakrama).


Sigiriya the 08th wonders of the world
One of the best World Heritage Site, this rock fortress was built by king Kasyapa in the 5th Century A.D. and was the royal citadel for more than 18 years. It is a complex of buildings, part royal palace, part fortified town and water gardens on par with the best in the ancient world compose an amazing and a unique architectural success of the ancient Sinhalese.

Sigiriya is one of the island’s most awe-inspiring archeological sites and a leading tourist attraction. Pathway up the rock is the famous Sigiriya Frescoes, featuring 21 bare-breasted damsels that may represent celestial nymphs. These frescoes are the earliest surviving pictorial art of Sri Lanka.

Some consider it had been an oldest tourist attraction in the world with early visitors recording their impressions as graffiti on a wall described as the world’s first interactive book. This site complex consists of a sheer rock which rises over 200m with the ruins of the palace of king Kasyapa on the top and the pleasure garden with water canals at the ground.


Dambulla cave temples
Hewn into 160m granite outcrop are the astonishing Buddhist cave temples of Dambulla. Each is full with murals depicting scenes from the Buddha’s life, and gilded statues of the Buddha in various poses.

In the 1st century BC, these caves provided refuge to the king Valagam Bahu who fled a south Indian invasion. He later converted the caves into a rock temple. The rock ceiling is one large sweep of colorful paintings which portrays Buddhist culture and the tales of Buddha’s previous life. Altogether there are five caves. Cave two, is the Maharaja Vihara is the largest and the most spectacular at over 50m long, 7m high and almost 25m deep. The spiritual energy at Dambulla is eye-catching and the Buddhist art on display is unparalleled in Sri Lanka.


Kandy the hill capitol and the last kingdom of Sri Lanka
Nestled amidst lush mountains in the central province, interspersed by the Mahaveli River and the beautiful Kandy lake as a center piece, is certainly the most picturesque city in the island and most visited. The island’s hill capitol was home to Sri Lanka’s last independent kingdom surviving almost couple of centuries of colonial invasions by the Portuguese and the Dutch before falling to the British in 1815.The city still retains much of it old worlds grandeur and traditions, crafts and the typical Sri Lankan way of life. The legacy of this proud tradition lives on today in the form of the city’s distinctive architecture, art and the dance.



Dalada Maligawa Temple of the Buddha’s tooth relic in Kand
The last home to the sacred relic of the tooth of the Gauthama Buddha, a visit to the Dalada Maligawa (Dalada-sacred tooth / Maligawa-Castle) or Temple of Tooth Relic, is an experience no tourist should miss. The golden roofed temple is visited by locals and tourists carrying flowers and incense sticks daily throughout the day and the night. Here, visitors can watch Poojas (offerings) the ancient traditions of drumming and sacred Buddhists chanting in honor of the tooth relic, being performed several times each day. The tooth relic had been snatched from the Buddha’s funeral pyre in India and smuggled to Sri Lanka in the hair of a princess named Hemamala and who was accompanied by a price named Dantha. The tooth relic is of great spiritual significance.


Kandy Perahera Asia’s most colorful cultural pageant
Each year, in July or August take place Kandy Esala Perahera ( The cultural procession) a spectacular display of medieval pageantry which include caparisoned elephants, fire dancers and the kandyan drummers.

Which is considered to be the most colorful cultural pageant in Asia take through the street of kandy in the night for ten days in honor of the tooth relic. As the pageantry unfolds, continuously ten nights each year, the city takes on the air of a torch-lit dreamland complete with more than hundreds colorfully caparisoned elephant, drummers and dancers along with a chief tusker, which carries the golden casket of the tooth relic surrounded by two major tuskers is almost an unforgettable sight and the rare colorful trappings of the old kingdom. A stunning spectacle of piety and grandeur!


Old Dutch fort at Galle
Located at 116 km from Colombo, Galle is the most significant city of southern Sri Lanka. A town with an old world colonial inheritance with and ancient port. (said to be the legendry “Tar Shish” of the holy bible). it’s natural harbor was famous fort in days gone by. Our first international commerce & Trade. The 17th century built Old Dutch fort has the distinction of being the best-preserved sea fort in South Asia. Enter through the imposing stone bastions that encircle the sea-facing promontory and step back in time. Inside the fort premises you will find that it exudes old world charm and the unique colonial architecture a blend of Dutch and English.

The Narrow Street and pathways are dotted with Dutch colonial villas, Dutch church (Groote Kerk) Dutch Governor’s House, The new Oriental Hotel (Built in 1684), Old bell tower, Several museums and antique shops which are on displays curiosities from the Island’s colonial era. Among the many other colonial buildings, the most absorbing site is the Dutch reformed Church, containing ornately carved memorials to the city’s Dutch settlers. The Portuguese built the first port in Galle when they landed in 1505 and later Portuguese was conquered by Dutch in 1640. After which the fortifications were expanded, developed and the grid street system were established. Later on, further extensions were made during the British period.
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